The Garden Fountains

As initially conceived, water fountains were designed to be functional, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the inhabitants of towns and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking, washing, and drinking. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity exclusively, often using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the nearby mountains. Typically used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have inspired travelers from all over the globe throughout the ages. If you saw the first fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. brk-303-1__85451.jpg A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the 1st fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and spiritual purposes. The first stone basins are suspected to be from about 2000 BC. The first civilizations that made use of fountains depended on gravity to push water through spigots. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public statues, as beautiful as they are functional. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., made from stone and bronze. Water for the public fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.

The Original Water Fountain Artists

Fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a innovative legend, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an innovator and scientific expert. He carefully noted his experiences in his currently famed notebooks, after his tremendous fascination in the forces of nature guided him to investigate the attributes and movement of water. Modifying private villa configurations into ingenious water exhibits full with symbolic significance and natural beauty, early Italian water fountain designers coupled creativity with hydraulic and horticultural expertise. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, delivered the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Well versed in humanist themes as well as established scientific readings, other water fountain creators were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water properties and water jokes for the various properties near Florence.

Agrippa's Eye-popping, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Mechanism

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting discovery captivated the attention and admiration of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the very last mentions of the gadget. It may be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s earliest modern channels made the system obsolete when it was attached to the Villa Medici in 1592. The more probable conclusion is that the unit was forgotten when Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s siblingdied in 1588, leading him to give up his rank as cardinal and go back to Florence where he accepted the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Even though there were other relevant water-driven creations either planned or built during the late sixteenth century, such as scenographic water exhibits, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and musical water fountains, none was fed by water like Agrippa’s device.

Public Water Fountains in Berkley, California

In February 2014, a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to bring in such a law. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to motivate more people to decide on healthier options, such as water. Research was performed to find out the reputation of local drinking water fountains and whether individuals from different racial or financial backgrounds had reduced availability to them. By developing a mobile GPS application, experts were able to get data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. The US Census Community Study database was utilized to accumulate information relating to race and economic status in these areas. The professionals sought to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were connected to drinking water fountain access. They were in a position to determine the demographics of regions surrounding existing fountains, as well as the cleanliness and maintenance of fountains across assorted areas. Many of the water fountains were unclean or clogged, in spite of the fact that most fountains worked.

The Father Of Roman Public Fountain Design

There are many famous fountains in Rome’s city center. One of the best ever sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, created and constructed nearly all of them. He was furthermore a city architect, in addition to his expertise as a water feature designer, and records of his life's work are apparent all through the avenues of Rome. Ultimately moving to Rome to completely show their art, primarily in the shape of community water fountains, Bernini’s father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. An outstanding worker, Bernin earned encouragement and the the backing of popes and important artists. He was originally celebrated for his sculpture. An authority in ancient Greek architecture, he used this knowledge as a starting point and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most remarkably in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound impact on him, both personally and professionally.

The Very First Water Features of the Historical Past
The water from rivers and other sources was originally supplied to the occupants of nearby communities and cities through water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not artistic. To generate water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such... read more

Water Features Lost to History
As originally conceived, fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the inhabitants of cities and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a... read more

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