The First Water Features of History

Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to deliver water from canals or creeks to towns and villages, providing the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash, and cook with. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later half of the 19th century. ft-209__36994.jpg Inspirational and impressive, big water fountains have been designed as monuments in many civilizations. If you saw the earliest fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. A stone basin, carved from rock, was the first fountain, used for holding water for drinking and religious functions. Pure stone basins as fountains have been discovered from 2,000 B.C.. The force of gravity was the energy source that controlled the earliest water fountains. Located near aqueducts or creeks, the functional public water fountains furnished the local population with fresh drinking water. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., built from rock and bronze. Water for the communal fountains of Rome arrived to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.

Garden Water Fountain Builders Through History

Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci as a imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance master. With his tremendous curiosity concerning the forces of nature, he investigated the properties and movement of water and methodically recorded his observations in his now famed notebooks. Early Italian water fountain engineers changed private villa settings into amazing water displays full of symbolic meaning and natural beauty by coupling creativity with hydraulic and horticultural talent. The splendors in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was celebrated for his capabilities in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the numerous estates in the vicinity of Florence, some other fountain creators were well versed in humanistic issues and time-honored technical texts.

California's Outdoor Fountain Study and Results

The first example of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The purpose is to have men and women drinking more water and other natural beverages by raising the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were gathered using a GPS created exclusively for the research. The US Census Community Study database was chosen to accumulate information relating to race and economic status in these segments. The 2 data sets were compared to figure out what class distinctions, if any, there were in access to functioning water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its surrounding area were analyzed to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their standard of maintenance revealed any relationship to income, race, or other factors.

While the majority of the fountains were in working order, an alarming quantity were found to be in a bad state of repairs.

Agrippa's Amazing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Mechanism

Unfortunately, Agrippa’s excellent design for lifting water was not referred to much following 1588, when Andrea Bacci acclaimed it in public. It might have come to be obsolete once the Villa Medici was set to receive water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern aqueduct, in 1592. Even though it is more probable that it was simply tossed when Ferdinando relinquished his cardinalship and went back to Florence, securing his place as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, after the death of his brother, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. There might have been other remarkable water-related works in Renaissance landscapes in the later part of the sixteenth century, like fountains which played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water presentations, but nothing were powered by water which defied gravity.

The Godfather Of Roman Garden Water Fountains

There are any number of celebrated Roman water fountains in its city center. One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, conceptualized and built nearly all of them. His expertise as a fountain creator and also as a city designer, are evident throughout the roads of Rome. A renowned Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father guided his young son, and they ultimately transferred to Rome to thoroughly showcase their artwork, primarily in the form of community water fountains and water features. An excellent worker, the young Bernini acquired compliments and patronage of various popes and influential designers. At the start he was recognized for his sculptural skills. He used his knowledge and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

Gian Bernini's Garden Fountains
In Rome’s city center, there are many celebrated water fountains. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceptualized and constructed nearly all of them. He was additionally a urban designer, in addition to his abilities as a water feature engineer, and traces of... read more

Rome, Gian Bernini, And Statuary Fountains
In Rome’s city center, there are many easily recognized water features. Nearly all of them were planned, architected and built by one of the finest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was furthermore a urban designer, in addition to his expertise as a fountain designer, and records of his life's work are noticeable all through the... read more

A Brief History of Early Garden Water Features
The water from springs and other sources was initially supplied to the residents of nearby towns and cities by way of water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not artistic. To produce water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, demanded the force of gravity and a water source such as a... read more

The First Public Fountains of History
The water from springs and other sources was initially provided to the inhabitants of nearby towns and cities through water fountains, whose design was mainly practical, not artistic. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without... read more

The Original Water Garden Fountains of History
Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to deliver water from canals or creeks to towns and hamlets, supplying the residents with fresh water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity exclusively, usually using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the surrounding hills. Striking and... read more


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