The First Outdoor Fountains of Human History

Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to bring water from canals or springs to towns and hamlets, supplying the residents with fresh water to drink, bathe, and cook with. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, demanded the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or reservoir, situated higher than the fountain. Striking and spectacular, large water fountains have been crafted as memorials in many cultures. The contemporary fountains of modern times bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. The very first recognized water fountain was a rock basin created that was used as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial functions. twf002__70095.jpg 2,000 BC is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were actually used. The earliest civilizations that used fountains depended on gravity to force water through spigots. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along aqueducts, waterways, or streams. Fountains with flowery decoration started to appear in Rome in approx. 6 BC, commonly gods and creatures, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The City Of Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Garden Fountains

There are many popular water features in the city center of Rome. Almost all of them were planned, architected and built by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Marks of his life's efforts are evident all through the avenues of Rome because, in addition to his capabilities as a fountain creator, he was also a city builder. A famous Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome to totally showcase their artwork, chiefly in the form of community water features and water fountains.

The young Bernini received compliments from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an exceptional employee. He was initially renowned for his sculpture. An expert in historical Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a base and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most famously in the Vatican. Though many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Agrippa's Astonishing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Technology

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting creation captivated the interest and admiration of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the last references of the technology. It could be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s initial modern aqueducts made the system useless when it was connected to the Villa Medici in 1592. In reality it was probably merely disused when Ferdinando went back to Florence in 1588 after the passing away of his brother, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his position as a cardinal in order to lock in his position as the next Grand Duke of Tuscany. There may have been other remarkable water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the later part of the sixteenth century, such as fountains which played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water presentations, but none of them were operated by water which defied gravity.

The Original Fountain Creative Designers

Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a creative master, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an inventor and scientific specialist. With his tremendous curiosity about the forces of nature, he researched the qualities and mobility of water and also systematically documented his observations in his now recognized notebooks. Early Italian water fountain engineers transformed private villa configurations into amazing water displays full with symbolic meaning and natural elegance by coupling creativity with hydraulic and horticultural experience. The splendors in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was renowned for his capabilities in archeology, engineering and garden design. Well versed in humanist subjects and established scientific texts, other water fountain designers were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water features and water antics for the numerous mansions around Florence.

Free Drinking Fountains in Berkley, Ca

In February 2014, a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was passed in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to submit such a law. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to encourage a lot more people to go with healthier options, such as water. Attempts were made to find out the status of community drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods.

The research utilized a GPS app to collect data on present water fountains in the city. The US Census Community Study database was utilized to accumulate information pertaining to race and economic status in these segments. By cross-referencing the water fountain locations with the demographic data, they were in a position to establish whether access to functioning fountains was class dependent. Each water fountain and the demographics of its surrounding area were reviewed to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their level of maintenance demonstrated any relationship to income, race, or other points. The tidiness of lots of fountains was found inadequate, even if most were functioning.

"Old School" Garden Fountain Creative Designers
Frequently serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative master, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance artist. He carefully registered his observations in his now much celebrated notebooks about his investigations into... read more

Inventors of the First Outside Garden Fountains
Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the artist as an inspired genius, inventor and scientific expert. He methodically reported his examinations in his now much celebrated notebooks about his... read more

Ancient Garden Fountain Artists
Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci as a creative genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance creator. He methodically documented his ideas in his currently celebrated notebooks, after his tremendous interest in the forces of nature... read more

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