The First Documented Water Features of Human History

As originally developed, fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the citizens of cities and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. In the years before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, commonly using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the surrounding hills. angel cherub__67925.original.jpg Fountains all through history have been designed as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and visitors alike. Crude in style, the very first water fountains did not look much like contemporary fountains. The very first recognized water fountain was a stone basin created that was used as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. The first stone basins are suspected to be from about 2000 B.C.. The force of gravity was the energy source that operated the earliest water fountains. Positioned near aqueducts or creeks, the functional public water fountains provided the local population with fresh drinking water. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, made from stone and bronze. Water for the open fountains of Rome arrived to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.

California's Garden Water Fountains Study and Results

The first implementation of a sugary drinks tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. The tax is believed to lower sugary drink intake and augment the consumption of healthier drinks, such as water from fountains. Attempts were made to find out the status of local drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. Facts on the city’s drinking water fountains were gathered using a GPS created specifically for the research. Demographic data on race and income was then gathered using the US Census database. Comparisons were made amongst the location and demographic data, exposing whether class differences affected access to clean, working water fountains. The neighboring demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while additionally ensuring whether race or income levels made a difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. While the bulk of the fountains were in working order, an appalling quantity were discovered to be in a bad state of repairs.

Agrippa’s Intriguing Water-lifting Machine

Unfortuitously, Agrippa’s wonderful design for raising water was not cited a great deal after 1588, when Andrea Bacci acclaimed it widely. It could perhaps be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest conduit, the Acqua Felice, began providing the Villa Medici, there was simply no longer much usage for the device.

Even though its success was short lived, Camillo Agrippa’s design for raising water was the wonder of its day, transcending anything crafted in Italy since the days of classic Rome. Although there were other relevant water-driven concepts either designed or built during the late sixteenth century, like scenographic water presentations, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and musical water fountains, none was nourished by water like Agrippa’s device.

The Godfather Of Roman Outdoor Fountains

There are any number of renowned Roman fountains in its city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, created and constructed nearly all of them. Also a city builder, he had capabilities as a water fountain developer, and marks of his life's work are noticeable throughout the avenues of Rome. To completely express their artwork, primarily in the form of community water fountains and water fountains, Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately relocated in the City of Rome. An excellent worker, the young Bernini received praise and patronage of various popes and important designers. Originally he was well known for his sculpting skills. He used his ability and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was affected by many great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest impact on his work.

"Old School" Fountain Manufacturers

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented individuals, Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a imaginative genius, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an innovator and scientific guru. The forces of nature inspired him to explore the properties and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he systematically captured his experiences in his now renowned notebooks. Coupling inventiveness with hydraulic and horticultural expertise, early Italian water fountain creators modified private villa settings into brilliant water exhibits full of symbolic implications and natural wonder. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, design and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Other fountain designers, masterminding the fantastic water marbles, water functions and water antics for the countless estates in the vicinity of Florence, were well-versed in humanistic subjects and traditional scientific readings.

"Old School" Water Feature Manufacturers
Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century often worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as an innovative master, creator and scientific specialist. He carefully noted his findings in his currently celebrated notebooks, after his mind boggling fascination in the forces of nature... read more

Agrippa's Astonishing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting System
Sadly, Agrippa’s amazing plan for raising water wasn’t discussed a lot after 1588, when Andrea Bacci praised it in public. It may have come to be outdated when the Villa Medici was enabled to obtain water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern conduit, in 1592. Its success might have been momentary but the unit conceived by Camillo Agrippa was yet different from anything developed in Italy during the time frame... read more

Agrippa’s Marvelous Water-lifting Gadget
Though the machine developed by Agrippa for moving water earned the esteem of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to disappear not long after. It could be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s early modern conduits made the system obsolete when it was connected to the Villa Medici in 1592. The easier... read more

The Water Fountains
Villages and villages depended on practical water fountains to funnel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning from local sources like ponds, streams, or springs. To produce water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, located higher than the fountain. ... read more

The Public Water Fountains
Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to bring water from canals or creeks to cities and villages, providing the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water spraying... read more

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