The Earliest Recorded Outdoor Water Features of the Historical Past

As originally conceived, fountains were designed to be practical, guiding water from creeks or reservoirs to the inhabitants of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later half of the 19th century. The elegance and wonder of fountains make them appropriate for historical memorials. Simple in design, the 1st water fountains did not appear much like contemporary fountains. Simple stone basins sculpted from local rock were the original fountains, used for spiritual ceremonies and drinking water. b-047__15614.jpg 2,000 B.C. is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The spraying of water appearing from small spouts was pressured by gravity, the only power source creators had in those days. The location of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along aqueducts, waterways, or rivers. The Romans began building ornate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of creatures and mythological representations. The impressive aqueducts of Rome supplied water to the eye-catching public fountains, many of which you can go see today.

The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Plan

Sadly, Agrippa’s wonderful plan for raising water wasn’t referred to a lot following 1588, when Andrea Bacci acknowledged it widely. It could be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s earliest modern channels made the system useless when it was connected to the Villa Medici in 1592. Although its glory was temporary, Camillo Agrippa’s design for raising water was the marvel of its day, transcending everything built in Italy since the days of early Rome. Renaissance gardens of the later part of the sixteenth century happened to be home to works such as melodious fountains, scenographic water presentations and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these weren’t outfitted with water in ways which defied the force of gravity itself.

California's Outdoor Fountains Analysis and Results

The first American city to implement a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. By making soda more expensive, it’s assumed that people will make better choices for what their children drink, like water for instance. Research was conducted to assure that citizens of all races and economic classes had access to thoroughly clean, operating drinking fountains. The study utilized a GPS app to compile data on present water fountains in the city. This info was cross-referenced with demographic information on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. Evaluations were made amongst the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected access to clean, functional water fountains. They were able to determine the demographics of segments surrounding established fountains, as well as the cleanliness and upkeep of fountains across various communities. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, since quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

The Original Fountain Artists

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals, Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a innovative genius, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an inventor and scientific specialist. The forces of nature inspired him to analyze the properties and motion of water, and due to his fascination, he carefully documented his findings in his now celebrated notebooks. Brilliant water displays full with symbolic meaning and all-natural grace converted private villa settings when early Italian fountain creators fused imagination with hydraulic and landscaping skill. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, design and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic subjects and ancient scientific texts, other water feature makers were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water functions and water antics for the numerous estates around Florence.

The Father Of Roman Garden Fountain Design And Style

In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized water features. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, conceived and built nearly all of them. His skills as a water fountain developer and also as a city designer, are visible throughout the roads of Rome. A celebrated Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father guided his young son, and they ultimately went to Rome to fully showcase their art, chiefly in the form of public water features and water fountains. An outstanding worker, Bernin received praise and the the backing of popes and well known artists. His sculpture was initially his claim to glory. Working gracefully with Roman marble, he utilized a base of experience in the ancient Greek architecture, most notably in the Vatican. Although many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

The Godfather Of Roman Garden Fountains
There are countless renowned Roman water fountains in its city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, created and built nearly all of them. His abilities as a water fountain developer and also as a city architect, are evident all through the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately... read more

The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving Alternative
In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting creation attracted the notice and approval of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the final references of the device. It may possibly have become obsolete when the Villa Medici was set to obtain water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern conduit, in 1592. Its usage may have been short but Camillo Agrippa’s innovation attained a prominent place in history as the most... read more

The First Public Garden Fountains
As originally conceived, water fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the inhabitants of towns and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking, washing, and drinking. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity exclusively, often using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the... read more

The First Documented Outdoor Water Features of Human History
As initially conceived, fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the citizens of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, washing, and drinking. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the end of the nineteenth century, using the potent power of water traveling downhill from... read more

The First Documented Water Features of the Historical Past
Towns and communities relied on working water fountains to channel water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning up from local sources like lakes, channels, or springs. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, mandated the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or reservoir, situated higher than the fountain.... read more

The Very First Public Garden Fountains of the Historical Past
Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to deliver water from rivers or springs to towns and hamlets, providing the residents with clean water to drink, bathe, and cook with. In the days before electrical power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in... read more

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