The Earliest Outdoor Water Fountains

Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to bring water from rivers or springs to cities and villages, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. aq_78054__65172.jpg In the years before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, usually using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the surrounding hills. Typically used as memorials and commemorative structures, water fountains have impressed men and women from all over the planet all through the ages. The contemporary fountains of today bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. The 1st known water fountain was a natural stone basin carved that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Natural stone basins as fountains have been recovered from 2,000 B.C.. Gravity was the power source that operated the oldest water fountains. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along aqueducts, canals, or streams. The people of Rome began creating elaborate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were metallic or natural stone masks of animals and mythological heroes. Water for the communal fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a elaborate system of water aqueducts.

The Many Good Reasons to Include a Water Feature

A good way to enhance the appeal of your outdoor living area is to add a wall fountain or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design.

Any number of present-day designers and fountain artisans have found inspiration in the fountains and water features of the past. As such, integrating one of these to your interior is a great way to connect it to the past. In addition to the positive attributes of garden fountains, they also produce water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, attracting birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. For instance, pesky flying insects are usually deterred by the birds drawn to the fountain or birdbath.

Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best choice for a small garden since they need a great deal of space. Two options to choose from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your garden, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which is suspended on a wall. Adding a fountain to an existent wall requires that you include a fountain mask as well as a basin at the base to gather the water. Be sure to work with a professional for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work involved.

Outdoor Garden Fountain Builders Through History

Fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as a inspired master, inventor and scientific master. He methodically recorded his observations in his now celebrated notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and motion of water. Combining inventiveness with hydraulic and landscaping expertise, early Italian water fountain engineers transformed private villa settings into amazing water displays full of emblematic implications and natural beauty.

The brilliance in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was famed for his capabilities in archeology, architecture and garden design. For the many estates near Florence, other water feature engineers were well versed in humanistic themes as well as ancient technical texts, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water humor.

Outdoor Water Fountains And Their Role in Public Health

The very first US city to pass a tax on sugary drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The tax is believed to lower sugary drink consumption and improve the consumption of healthier beverages, such as water from fountains. Attempts were made to find out the condition of neighborhood drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. Facts on the city’s drinking water fountains were gathered using a GPS created specifically for the research. This information was cross-referenced with demographic information on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. By cross-referencing the water fountain sites with the demographic facts, they were able to establish whether access to working fountains was class dependent. They were in a position to confirm the demographics of areas surrounding established fountains, as well as the cleanliness and upkeep of fountains across different areas. While the bulk of the fountains were in working order, an alarming number were found to be in a poor state of repairs.

The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving System

Unfortuitously, Agrippa’s wonderful design for raising water wasn’t referred to a lot after 1588, when Andrea Bacci praised it publicly. It may possibly be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s early modern conduits made the device obsolete when it was hooked up to the Villa Medici in 1592. The more probable reason is that the unit was forgotten once Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s siblingexpired in 1588, leading him to give up his position as cardinal and return to Florence where he took the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Renaissance landscapes of the late 16th century happened to be home to works including music fountains, scenographic water demonstrations and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these weren’t filled with water in ways which violated gravitation itself.

The City Of Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Statuary Fountains
There are numerous famous fountains in the city center of Rome. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceived and produced nearly all of them. His skills as a fountain developer and also as a city architect, are evident all through the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to... read more

California's Water Fountain Research and Results
Berkley, CA people voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to motivate more people to decide on healthier choices, such as water. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains... read more

A Concise History of the First Outdoor Water Features
As initially developed, fountains were crafted to be functional, guiding water from creeks or aqueducts to the inhabitants of cities and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity exclusively, often using... read more


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