The Earliest Outdoor Fountains

As originally conceived, water fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the later part of the 19th century. The splendor and wonder of fountains make them ideal for historic memorials. When you encounter a fountain today, that is not what the very first water fountains looked like. or-145__60095.jpg Created for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the first fountains were simple carved stone basins. The earliest stone basins are suspected to be from around 2000 BC. The very first civilizations that used fountains depended on gravity to drive water through spigots. The location of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along aqueducts, waterways, or streams. Wildlife, Gods, and Spiritual figures dominated the early ornate Roman fountains, beginning to show up in about 6 B.C.. A well-engineered collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

Water-raising System by Camillo Agrippa

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting discovery lured the attention and praise of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the last references of the gadget. Just years afterward, in 1592, the earliest contemporary Roman aqueduct, the Acqua Felice, was connected to the Medici’s villa, probably making the product obsolete. Its triumph may have been short but the device devised by Camillo Agrippa was yet different from anything built in Italy during the time period which split the modern age from ancient Rome. It might violate gravity to raise water to Renaissance landscapes, supplying them in a way other late 16th century concepts such as scenographic water presentations, melodious water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineers Through History

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals, Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the creator as an inspired master, creator and scientific virtuoso. He methodically noted his findings in his now celebrated notebooks, following his mind boggling fascination in the forces of nature led him to research the properties and motion of water. Ingenious water exhibits loaded with symbolic significance and natural beauty transformed private villa settings when early Italian water feature designers fused resourcefulness with hydraulic and landscaping expertise. The brilliance in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was celebrated for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water features and water pranks for the various properties in the vicinity of Florence, other water fountain creators were well versed in humanist themes as well as time-honored technical texts.

The Godfather Of Rome's Public Fountains

There are any number of renowned Roman water fountains in its city center.

One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, nearly all of them were designed, conceived and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Traces of his life's work are evident throughout the streets of Rome simply because, in addition to his abilities as a water feature designer, he was also a city architect. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. The young Bernini received encouragement from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an diligent employee. His sculpture was originally his claim to glory. An authority in historical Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a starting point and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most famously in the Vatican. Although many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

The Positive Benefits of Adding a garden fountain in Your Living Space

The inclusion of a wall fountain or an outdoor garden fountain is an excellent way to adorn your yard or garden design. Historical fountains and water features have stirred the interest of contemporary designers as well as fountain designers. As such, introducing one of these to your interior is a superb way to connect it to the past. Among the many attributes of these beautiful garden fountains is the water and moisture they release into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. For instance, irritating flying insects are usually discouraged by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good alternative if your yard is small because they do not require much space in contrast to a spouting or cascading fountain. There are two types of fountains to choose from including the freestanding model with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained variety which is hung directly on a wall. A fountain can be added to an existing wall if you include some kind of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water below. Since the plumbing and masonry work is extensive to complete this type of job, you should employ a specialist to do it rather than attempt to do it alone.

The Original Water Feature Manufacturers
Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals, Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a imaginative master, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an innovator and scientific guru. He methodically captured his observations in... read more

The Godfather Of Roman Outdoor Fountains
In Rome’s city center, there are many celebrated water features. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, created and produced nearly all of them. His skills as a water feature creator and also as a city architect, are observable all through the avenues of Rome. ... read more

A Brief History of the First Outdoor Fountains
Towns and communities relied on practical water fountains to conduct water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or springs. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water source located far... read more

The Earliest Recorded Garden Fountains of History
As originally developed, water fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the citizens of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a system without... read more


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