The Earliest Documented Public Water Features of History

Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to deliver water from canals or springs to cities and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity alone, often using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the surrounding mountains. Striking and impressive, prominent water fountains have been built as monuments in most cultures. Simple in design, the very first water fountains did not appear much like contemporary fountains. Created for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the first fountains were very simple carved stone basins. or-108__32030.jpg The original stone basins are believed to be from around 2000 BC. Gravity was the energy source that operated the earliest water fountains. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along aqueducts, canals, or streams. Fountains with elaborate decoration began to show up in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., commonly gods and wildlife, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. The extraordinary aqueducts of Rome supplied water to the spectacular public fountains, most of which you can go see today.

The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving Solution

Though the machine made by Agrippa for carrying water attained the respect of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to vanish not long thereafter. It may possibly have turned out to be outdated when the Villa Medici was enabled to obtain water from the Acqua Felice, the early contemporary aqueduct, in 1592. In truth it was perhaps simply forgotten when Ferdinando went back to Florence in 1588 following the expiry of his brother, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his cardinalship in order to protect his place as the next Grand Duke of Tuscany. There may have been some other spectacular water-related works in Renaissance landscapes in the later part of the sixteenth century, like water fountains that played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and also scenographic water displays, but nothing were motorized by water which defied gravitation.

Outdoor Water Fountains And Public Policy

Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to motivate more people to go with healthier choices, such as water. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were developed using a GPS created exclusively for the research. Demographic data on race and earnings was then assembled using the US Census database. Comparisons were made between the location and demographic data, exposing whether class differences affected availability to clean, functional water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its neighboring area were examined to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their standard of maintenance demonstrated any connection to income, race, or other points. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, considering quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

The Original Water Feature Designers

Multi-talented people, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century often worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as an inspired genius, creator and scientific specialist. The forces of nature guided him to investigate the qualities and motion of water, and due to his curiosity, he methodically recorded his findings in his now celebrated notebooks. Combining imaginativeness with hydraulic and landscaping abilities, early Italian water fountain developers modified private villa settings into ingenious water displays filled of symbolic meaning and natural charm. The humanist Pirro Ligorio brought the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design. Other water feature developers, masterminding the fantastic water marbles, water functions and water antics for the various estates in the vicinity of Florence, were tried and tested in humanist themes and classical scientific texts.

Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Statuary Fountains

There are countless celebrated water features in the city center of Rome. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, conceived and constructed almost all of them. His expertise as a water fountain creator and also as a city designer, are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. Eventually moving to Rome to fully express their artwork, primarily in the form of community water features, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. An excellent worker, the young Bernini received compliments and the backing of many popes and important artists. Originally he was well known for his sculpting skills. An authority in classic Greek engineering, he used this knowledge as a starting point and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Although many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Outdoor Fountain Engineers Through History
Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century often served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as a inspired genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso. He carefully documented his findings in his now... read more

Bernini's Fountains
There are countless famous fountains in the city center of Rome. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, created and built virtually all of them. He was additionally a urban architect, in addition to his abilities as a water fountain engineer, and traces of his life's work are evident all through the avenues of Rome. To ... read more

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Statuary Fountains
There are many celebrated Roman water fountains in its city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, created and constructed nearly all of them. His skills as a fountain designer and also as a city architect, are evident throughout the streets of Rome. ... read more

Public Drinking Fountains in and Around Berkley, California
Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. The taxation is intended to decrease sugary drink consumption and increase the consumption of healthier beverages, including water from fountains. Research was carried out to make sure that citizens of all races and economic classes had access... read more

The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Solution
In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting innovation lured the notice and compliments of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the last references of the mechanism. Just years afterward, in 1592, the earliest contemporary Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was hooked up to the Medici’s villa, possibly making the device outmoded. Its usage... read more

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