The Earliest Documented Public Garden Fountains of History

b-033__22864.jpg As originally conceived, water fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the citizens of towns and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking, washing, and drinking. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the close of the nineteenth century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or creek to push the water through spigots or other outlets. The appeal and wonder of fountains make them perfect for historical monuments. The contemporary fountains of today bear little similarity to the very first water fountains. The first recognized water fountain was a natural stone basin carved that was used as a container for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. 2,000 B.C. is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The spray of water appearing from small spouts was pressured by gravity, the only power source creators had in those days. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became ornate public statues, as striking as they are practical. The people of Rome began building ornate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were metallic or stone masks of creatures and mythological representations. The remarkable aqueducts of Rome delivered water to the spectacular public fountains, many of which you can travel to today.

"Old School" Fountain Designers

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people, Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as an inventive intellect, inventor and scientific expert. He systematically captured his experiences in his now celebrated notebooks, after his immense fascination in the forces of nature inspired him to research the qualities and mobility of water. Innovative water displays packed with symbolic significance and all-natural charm converted private villa settings when early Italian fountain creators fused resourcefulness with hydraulic and gardening abilities. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic topics and ancient technical texts, other water fountain makers were masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water properties and water pranks for the various mansions around Florence.

California's Garden Water Fountain Research and Results

The very first American city to implement a tax on sugary drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. By making soda more expensive, it’s hoped that people will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water for instance.

Research was completed to guarantee that people of all races and economic classes had access to clean, working drinking fountains. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were assembled using a GPS created exclusively for the research. The US Census Community Study database was employed to accumulate information related to race and economic status in these areas. By cross-referencing the water fountain sites with the demographic information, they were in a position to identify whether access to functioning fountains was class dependent. They were in a position to confirm the demographics of segments surrounding active fountains, as well as the tidiness and maintenance of fountains across various areas. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, since quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

Your Patio: The Perfect Spot for a Garden Fountain

You can improve your exterior space by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your property or gardening project. A myriad of current designers and fountain craftsmen have found inspiration in the fountains and water features of the past.

As such, the effect of integrating one of these to your home decor connects it to past times. The advantage of having a garden fountain extends beyond its beauty as it also attracts birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it emits into the atmosphere. Flying, annoying insects, for instance, are frightened off by the birds congregating around the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good choice if your yard is small because they do not require much space in comparison to a spouting or cascading fountain. There are two types of fountains to choose from including the freestanding version with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained version which is hung directly on a wall. Be sure to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the base if you want to add a fountain to your living area. Be sure to work with a specialist for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work involved.

Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Fountains

There are any number of famed Roman water fountains in its city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, conceptualized and constructed nearly all of them. His skills as a water fountain creator and also as a city architect, are evident throughout the roads of Rome. Eventually moving to Rome to fully express their art, chiefly in the form of community water features, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. An exemplary worker, Bernin received encouragement and the patronage of popes and well known artists. At the start he was known for his sculptural expertise. He used his knowledge and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. Though a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Fountains
There are numerous popular water features in the city center of Rome. Nearly all of them were designed, conceived and constructed by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city architect, he had abilities as a water feature designer, and marks of his life's... read more

Outdoor Water Fountains And Public Policy
Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. The goal is to have men and women drinking more water and other natural beverages by increasing the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure... read more

A Short History of the Early Outdoor Water Fountains
Villages and communities depended on practical water fountains to conduct water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning up from local sources like lakes, channels, or creeks. The force of gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the close of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or creek to squeeze the water through spigots or... read more

The Earliest Documented Public Water Features of History
Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to deliver water from canals or springs to cities and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity alone, often using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the surrounding mountains. Striking and impressive, prominent water fountains have been... read more


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