The Earliest Documented Outdoor Garden Fountains of History

The water from springs and other sources was originally supplied to the occupants of nearby towns and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not artistic. ft_136_full_shot__68151.jpg A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the later part of the nineteenth century. Commonly used as monuments and commemorative edifices, water fountains have inspired travelers from all over the world all through the centuries. If you saw the earliest fountains, you probably would not recognize them as fountains. Created for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the initial fountains were basic carved stone basins. 2000 B.C. is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were used. Gravity was the energy source that controlled the earliest water fountains. These ancient water fountains were built to be functional, frequently situated along aqueducts, streams and rivers to provide drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration started to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, usually gods and animals, made with stone or bronze. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains

There are many celebrated fountains in Rome’s city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceived and constructed virtually all of them. His skills as a water feature creator and also as a city architect, are observable throughout the avenues of Rome. Ultimately travelling to Rome to totally show their artwork, chiefly in the form of community water features, Bernini’s father, a famed Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. The juvenile Bernini was an great employee and attained encouragement and patronage of important artists as well as popes. At the start he was known for his sculptural expertise. He made use of his expertise and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. Though a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo influenced him the most.

Free Water Fountains in Berkley, California

The very first American city to pass a tax on sweet drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. By making soda more costly, it’s assumed that parents will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water as an example. Research was carried out to make sure that residents of all races and economic classes had access to clean, operating drinking fountains.

Via content collected by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to identify the condition of existing water fountains in Berkley. This info was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. Comparisons were made between the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected availability to clean, functional water fountains. The study was able to establish the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the state of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The cleanliness of lots of fountains was found inadequate, even if most were operating.

"Old School" Water Feature Manufacturers

Fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the creator as an innovative intellect, inventor and scientific virtuoso. With his immense fascination concerning the forces of nature, he investigated the attributes and motion of water and also carefully documented his examinations in his now celebrated notebooks. Early Italian water feature designers altered private villa configurations into amazing water displays complete of symbolic meaning and natural beauty by combining imagination with hydraulic and gardening talent. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, architecture and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Well versed in humanist themes and established technical readings, other water fountain designers were masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the numerous properties around Florence.

The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving Solution

Though the device designed by Agrippa for lifting water gained the respect of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to disappear not very long thereafter. It may have come to be obsolete when the Villa Medici was enabled to obtain water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern aqueduct, in 1592. The better account is that it was disregarded about when Ferdinando left for Florence in 1588, following the death of his brother Francesco di Medici, to exchange his status as cardinal for one as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. #P#

There might have been different significant water-related works in Renaissance landscapes in the late sixteenth century, like fountains that played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water displays, but none were operated by water that defied the force of gravity.

Inventors of the First Water Features
Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as a inventive genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso. He carefully documented his findings in his now famed notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature... read more

The Father Of Rome's Water Feature Design
There are many renowned Roman fountains in its city center. One of the most distinguished sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceived and built nearly all of them. His expertise as a fountain designer and also as a city designer, are obvious all through the... read more

The Father Of Roman Garden Fountain Design And Style
There are countless celebrated fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceptualized and constructed nearly all of them. Also a city builder, he had capabilities as a water fountain designer, and remnants of his life's work are ... read more

Free Drinking Fountains in Berkley, California
In February 2014, a levy on sugar-sweetened beverages was passed in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to introduce such a law. The objective is to have everyone drinking more water and other natural drinks by increasing the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Efforts were made to find out the status of local drinking water fountains in both... read more

Free Drinking Fountains Around Berkley, California
In February 2014, a charge on sugar-sweetened beverages was passed in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to submit such a law. By making soda more costly, it’s expected that people will make better choices for what their children drink, like water for instance. First, the city conducted research to assess whether residents had easy access to functioning... read more

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