Outdoor Water Fountains And Public Policy

Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. The goal is to have men and women drinking more water and other natural beverages by increasing the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. Using information collected by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to establish the condition of existing water fountains in Berkley. Analysts then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial elements that impacted the city. twf024-ra__29355.jpg By cross-referencing the water fountain sites with the demographic information, they were able to determine whether access to working fountains was class dependent. The neighboring demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while additionally determining whether race or income rates made a huge difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. While the bulk of the fountains were in working order, an appalling quantity were revealed to be in a poor state of repairs.

Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Features

In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized water features. Practically all of them were designed, architected and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city architect, he had abilities as a water fountain designer, and records of his life's work are obvious throughout the streets of Rome. A renowned Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father guided his young son, and they ultimately transferred to Rome to thoroughly showcase their artwork, mainly in the form of community water features and water fountains. The young Bernini received encouragement from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an diligent worker. His sculpture was initially his claim to glory.

An authority in classic Greek architecture, he used this knowledge as a base and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most remarkably in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound impact on him, both personally and professionally.

The Earliest Documented Outdoor Garden Fountains of Human History

As initially developed, water fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of cities and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. To make water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or lake, situated higher than the fountain. Fountains throughout history have been crafted as monuments, impressing local citizens and travelers alike. Crude in design, the first water fountains didn't look much like modern fountains. Uncomplicated stone basins created from local rock were the first fountains, used for spiritual purposes and drinking water. 2,000 BC is when the earliest identified stone fountain basins were actually used. The very first civilizations that utilized fountains depended on gravity to push water through spigots. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along aqueducts, waterways, or streams. The Romans began building ornate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of creatures and mythological representations. The remarkable aqueducts of Rome delivered water to the spectacular public fountains, most of which you can travel to today.

Agrippa's Astonishing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Technology

Unfortuitously, Agrippa’s wonderful plan for raising water wasn’t discussed a lot after 1588, when Andrea Bacci praised it in public. Merely years afterward, in 1592, the earliest modern Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was linked to the Medici’s villa, possibly making the technology obsolete. Though its success was short lived, Camillo Agrippa’s concept for lifting water was the marvel of its day, surpassing everything crafted in Italy since the days of classic Rome. It might defy gravity to raise water to Renaissance landscapes, supplying them in a way other late 16th century concepts like scenographic water exhibits, music water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

The Many Good Reasons to Include a Water Feature

The inclusion of a wall fountain or an outdoor garden fountain is a great way to beautify your yard or garden design. Historical fountains and water features have stirred the notice of contemporary designers as well as fountain manufacturers. As such, the impact of adding one of these to your interior decor bridges it to past times. In addition to the wonderful attributes of garden fountains, they also produce water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, drawing in birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. For example, irksome flying insects are usually discouraged by the birds drawn to the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good alternative if your yard is small because they do not need much space in comparison to a spouting or cascading fountain. There are two types of fountains to pick from including the freestanding model with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained version which is suspended directly on a wall. Both a fountain mask placed on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are equired if you wish to add a fountain. Since the plumbing and masonry work is substantial to complete this type of job, you should employ a specialist to do it rather than try to do it alone.

The Earliest Recorded Public Garden Fountains of History
As initially conceived, fountains were designed to be practical, guiding water from streams or reservoirs to the residents of cities and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the conclusion of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling downhill from a spring or creek to force the water through spigots or... read more

The Earliest Documented Water Features of Human History
Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to deliver water from canals or creeks to cities and hamlets, providing the residents with fresh water to drink, wash, and cook with. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the later half of the 19th... read more

The First Outdoor Public Fountains of the Historical Past
As originally developed, fountains were designed to be practical, guiding water from creeks or aqueducts to the inhabitants of cities and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking, washing, and drinking. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a creek or... read more

Your Garden: A Great Place for a Garden Fountain
Wall fountains are a good alternative if your yard is small because they do not require much space in contrast to a spouting or cascading fountain. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin placed against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted style which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the ... read more


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