Modern Water Fountains And Their Role in Public Health

The very first American city to pass a tax on sweet drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The tax is supposed to minimize sugary drink consumption and boost the consumption of healthier beverages, such as water from fountains. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. By creating a mobile GPS application, analysts were able to gather data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. twfs016__70671.jpg This info was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. The two data sets were reviewed to determine what class differences, if any, there were in access to running water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its surrounding area were studied to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their standard of maintenance showed any link to income, race, or other factors. The cleanliness of many fountains was found poor, even if most were working.

Outdoor Garden Fountain Designers Through History

Water feature designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci as a inspired master, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance creator. He systematically captured his observations in his currently recognized notebooks, following his immense fascination in the forces of nature led him to explore the qualities and movement of water. Early Italian fountain builders converted private villa settings into ingenious water exhibits complete of symbolic meaning and natural elegance by combining imagination with hydraulic and gardening talent. The splendors in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was renowned for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the various estates in the vicinity of Florence, some other water fountain designers were well versed in humanist themes and classical scientific texts.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Fountains

There are numerous famous water fountains in Rome’s city center. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, conceived and built nearly all of them. Also a city architect, he had abilities as a water fountain designer, and marks of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. To totally reveal their art, mainly in the form of community water features and water features, Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately relocated in the Roman Capitol. An excellent employee, the young Bernini received compliments and patronage of various popes and important designers. His sculpture was initially his claim to popularity. Working effortlessly with Roman marble, he utilized a base of expertise in the historical Greek architecture, most obviously in the Vatican. Although many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Water-raising Tool by Camillo Agrippa

Unfortuitously, Agrippa’s amazing plan for raising water wasn’t discussed much following 1588, when Andrea Bacci acknowledged it openly. It could be that in 1592 when Rome’s most recent conduit, the Acqua Felice, began supplying the Villa Medici, there was simply no longer very much use for the device. Even though it is more very likely that it was essentially disposed of when Ferdinando ceded his cardinalship and went back to Florence, securing his place as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, following the death of his brother, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. There might have been other significant water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the later part of the sixteenth century, such as water fountains that played tunes, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and also scenographic water presentations, but none of them was operated by water that defied gravitation.

Outdoor Garden Fountains Lost to History

The water from rivers and other sources was originally delivered to the inhabitants of nearby communities and cities through water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not artistic. To generate water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and create a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or lake, located higher than the fountain. Inspirational and impressive, prominent water fountains have been crafted as monuments in nearly all cultures. When you enjoy a fountain at present, that is definitely not what the first water fountains looked like. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the very first fountain, utilized for containing water for drinking and ceremonial functions. Rock basins as fountains have been discovered from 2,000 B.C.. The first fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to manipulate the flow of water through the fountain.

The placement of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, waterways, or streams. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, made from stone and bronze. The City of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that supplied the water for the numerous fountains that were placed throughout the urban center.

A Concise History of the First Water Fountains
Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to deliver water from rivers or creeks to cities and hamlets, providing the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash, and cook with. To generate water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a... read more

Your Outdoor Living Area: An Ideal Spot for a Wall Fountain
Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best choice for a small backyard since they require a great deal of space. Two options to choose from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your garden, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which hangs on a wall. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as... read more


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