Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Fountains

twf024-ra__29355.jpg There are many famous water features in the city center of Rome. One of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were designed, conceptualized and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His skills as a water fountain developer and also as a city designer, are visible all through the avenues of Rome. Eventually transferring to Rome to fully reveal their art, chiefly in the shape of public water features, Bernini’s father, a famed Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. The young Bernini was an exceptional employee and received compliments and patronage of significant artists as well as popes. His sculpture was originally his claim to popularity. Working seamlessly with Roman marble, he used a base of knowledge in the ancient Greek architecture, most obviously in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious effect on him, both personally and professionally.

The Original Garden Fountain Creative Designers

Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a inspiring master, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an innovator and scientific guru. With his immense curiosity concerning the forces of nature, he explored the attributes and mobility of water and also carefully recorded his observations in his now much celebrated notebooks. Coupling imaginativeness with hydraulic and landscaping abilities, early Italian fountain designers transformed private villa settings into innovative water exhibits filled with symbolic meaning and natural charm. The humanist Pirro Ligorio supplied the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was renowned for his abilities in archeology, architecture and garden concepts. Well versed in humanist topics as well as classical technical readings, other water feature makers were masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water features and water pranks for the numerous properties near Florence.

Garden Fountains And Public Policy

The first implementation of a sugary drinks tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to motivate more people to go with healthier choices, such as water. First, the city conducted an analysis to evaluate whether people had proper access to functioning drinking water fountains. Via information collected by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to ascertain the condition of active water fountains in Berkley. This info was cross-referenced with demographic information on race and income obtained from the US Census Community Study database.

The professionals sought to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were linked to drinking water fountain access. Each water fountain and the demographics of its surrounding area were reviewed to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their level of maintenance revealed any link to income, race, or other factors. The cleanliness of many fountains was found lacking, even if most were working.

The First Garden Water Fountains of the Historical Past

The water from rivers and other sources was initially supplied to the inhabitants of nearby towns and cities through water fountains, whose design was mainly practical, not aesthetic. To generate water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a creek or lake, situated higher than the fountain. Frequently used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have inspired travelers from all over the planet all through the ages. When you enjoy a fountain at present, that is not what the first water fountains looked like. The 1st known water fountain was a rock basin carved that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Pure stone basins as fountains have been recovered from 2000 BC. The first civilizations that utilized fountains relied on gravity to push water through spigots. Positioned near reservoirs or creeks, the functional public water fountains furnished the local population with fresh drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration started to show up in Rome in approximately 6 BC, commonly gods and animals, made with stone or copper-base alloy. Water for the public fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.

The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving Solution

Unfortuitously, Agrippa’s excellent design for raising water wasn’t mentioned a lot after 1588, when Andrea Bacci praised it in public. It may possibly have turned out to be dated when the Villa Medici was able to get water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern conduit, in 1592. This is all the more heartbreaking given how impressive Camillo Agrippa’s system was, entirely unique in Italy during the hundreds of years that transpired between the downfall of ancient Rome and the modern era. While there were other relevant water-driven concepts either planned or built during the later part of the sixteenth century, such as scenographic water presentations, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and musical water features, not one were nourished by water like Agrippa’s device.

"Old School" Water Feature Manufacturers
Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century often worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as an innovative master, creator and scientific specialist. He carefully noted... read more

The Earliest Documented Outdoor Water Features of the Historical Past
As originally conceived, fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the residents of towns and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, washing, and drinking. In the days before electrical power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the... read more

The First Documented Public Fountains of the Historical Past
The water from springs and other sources was originally delivered to the inhabitants of nearby communities and municipalities through water fountains, whose design was primarily practical, not aesthetic. In the years before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity alone, commonly using an aqueduct or water... read more

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