Gian Bernini's Garden Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are many celebrated water fountains. brk-303-1__85451.jpg Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceptualized and constructed nearly all of them. He was additionally a urban designer, in addition to his abilities as a water feature engineer, and traces of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An diligent worker, the young Bernini earned praise and the backing of various popes and influential designers. At the start he was celebrated for his sculptural skills. Most particularly in the Vatican, he utilized a base of experience in historical Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. Although many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Water Fountain Designers Through History

Multi-talented people, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as a ingenious genius, inventor and scientific expert.

He systematically documented his findings in his currently recognized notebooks, after his tremendous fascination in the forces of nature inspired him to investigate the attributes and motion of water. Modifying private villa settings into amazing water showcases complete of symbolic meaning and natural beauty, early Italian fountain designers fused resourcefulness with hydraulic and gardening knowledge. The splendors in Tivoli were created by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was famed for his skill in archeology, engineering and garden design. Well versed in humanistic subjects as well as ancient scientific texts, other fountain makers were masterminding the excellent water marbles, water features and water pranks for the various mansions near Florence.

Public Water Fountains in Berkley, Ca

The first implementation of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. By making soda more expensive, it’s assumed that parents will make better choices for what their children drink, like water as an example. First, the city conducted research to evaluate whether people had easy access to working drinking water fountains. Through information amassed by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to determine the state of existing water fountains in Berkley. This info was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income collected from the US Census Community Study database. The experts looked to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were connected to drinking water fountain access. They were able to determine the demographics of regions surrounding active fountains, as well as the tidiness and upkeep of fountains across assorted neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were working was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, given that quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

The Earliest Recorded Water Features of the Historical Past

Villages and communities depended on practical water fountains to funnel water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning up from local sources like lakes, streams, or creeks. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the surrounding mountains. Striking and spectacular, large water fountains have been crafted as memorials in nearly all societies. Simple in style, the very first water fountains did not appear much like modern fountains. Designed for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the initial fountains were basic carved stone basins.

Stone basins are theorized to have been 1st used around 2,000 BC. The earliest civilizations that used fountains depended on gravity to force water through spigots. These ancient fountains were designed to be functional, frequently situated along reservoirs, streams and rivers to furnish drinking water. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological beasts, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from rock and bronze. Water for the communal fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a intricate system of water aqueducts.

Agrippa's Eye-popping, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting System

The praise Agrippa’s water-lifting invention received from Andrea Bacci in 1588 was temporary. It may be that in 1592 when Rome’s most recent aqueduct, the Acqua Felice, began supplying the Villa Medici, there was no longer much need for the equipment. This becomes all the more heartbreaking given how impressive Camillo Agrippa’s technology was, absolutely singular in Italy during the centuries which passed between the downfall of ancient Rome and the modern period. Although there were various other worthwhile water-driven creations either projected or built during the later part of the sixteenth century, including scenographic water exhibits, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and musical water features, none was nourished by water like Agrippa’s technology.

A Concise History of Early Fountains
The water from rivers and other sources was originally delivered to the occupants of nearby towns and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not aesthetic. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the late nineteenth century.... read more

A Brief History of the First Outdoor Garden Fountains
Towns and communities relied on working water fountains to channel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning from local sources like ponds, channels, or creeks. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, demanded the force of gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, positioned higher than the fountain. ... read more

A Concise History of Early Water Garden Fountains
Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to deliver water from rivers or springs to towns and villages, providing the residents with fresh water to drink, bathe, and cook with. Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the close of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling downhill from a spring or creek to force the water through valves or other... read more

Your Garden: A Great Spot for a Fountain
Putting in a wall fountain is your best option for a little patio area because a spouting or cascading fountain occupies too much space. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin placed against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted kind which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the options from which you can choose. Be sure to include a fountain mask to an... read more

Your Garden: The Perfect Spot for a Fountain
Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best choice for a small yard since they require a great deal of space. You can choose to put in a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an connected basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained... read more

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