Free Water Fountains Around Berkley, Ca

The first example of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. The objective is to get everyone drinking more water and other natural beverages by elevating the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was conducted to ensure that residents of all races and economic classes had access to thoroughly clean, working drinking fountains. or-138__80765.jpg By developing a mobile GPS application, researchers were able to amass data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. This information was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income obtained from the US Census Community Study database. Comparisons were made amongst the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected access to clean, functional water fountains. They were able to determine the demographics of regions surrounding established fountains, as well as the cleanliness and maintenance of fountains across different communities. While the majority of the fountains were in working order, an appalling number were found to be in a bad state of repairs.

Ancient Garden Fountain Designers

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the artist as an imaginative master, inventor and scientific virtuoso. With his astounding curiosity concerning the forces of nature, he investigated the properties and mobility of water and also methodically documented his examinations in his now celebrated notebooks. Coupling imaginativeness with hydraulic and horticultural talent, early Italian fountain developers transformed private villa settings into ingenious water exhibits complete with emblematic implications and natural charm. The humanist Pirro Ligorio brought the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was celebrated for his abilities in archeology, architecture and garden design. For the various properties in the vicinity of Florence, other water fountain engineers were well versed in humanistic subjects and classical scientific texts, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water humor.

A Short History of the First Outdoor Water Fountains

Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to bring water from canals or creeks to towns and hamlets, supplying the residents with clean water to drink, wash, and cook with. In the days before electrical power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity exclusively, commonly using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby mountains. Inspirational and spectacular, big water fountains have been crafted as memorials in many civilizations. Rough in style, the first water fountains didn't appear much like modern-day fountains. Simple stone basins crafted from nearby material were the very first fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. Stone basins are theorized to have been first utilized around 2,000 BC. The jet of water emerging from small jets was pushed by gravity, the only power source creators had in those days.

The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along aqueducts, canals, or streams. The Romans began creating elaborate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of creatures and mythological representations. Water for the community fountains of Rome arrived to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.

Gian Bernini's Garden Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized water features. One of the best ever sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceptualized and constructed almost all of them. Marks of his life's efforts are obvious throughout the avenues of Rome simply because, in addition to his abilities as a water feature designer, he was additionally a city builder. Bernini's father, a recognized Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they finally transferred in Rome, to fully show their artwork in the form of public water fountains and water features. An exceptional employee, Bernin received praise and the patronage of popes and well known painters. He was initially recognized for his sculpture. Most famously in the Vatican, he used a base of expertise in ancient Greek architecture and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble. Though many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo affected him the most.

Agrippa’s Marvelous Water-lifting Appliance

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting innovation attracted the attention and compliments of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the final references of the technology. It may be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest conduit, the Acqua Felice, started delivering the Villa Medici, there was simply no longer very much usage for the unit. In reality it was probably simply abandoned when Ferdinando went back to Florence in 1588 following the death of his sibling, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his cardinalship in order to protect his position as the next Grand Duke of Tuscany. It could violate gravitation to lift water to Renaissance landscapes, providing them in a way other late 16th century designs such as scenographic water exhibits, melodious water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Builders of the First Outside Garden Fountains
Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a imaginative master, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an inventor and... read more

A Brief History of Early Outdoor Water Features
The water from rivers and other sources was originally delivered to the residents of nearby communities and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not artistic. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, mandated gravity and a water source such as a... read more

A Concise History of the Early Public Fountains
Towns and villages relied on working water fountains to funnel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning from local sources like lakes, streams, or springs. The force of gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the conclusion of the nineteenth century, using the potent power of water traveling downhill from a spring or brook to push the water through valves or other outlets. Fountains all through history have... read more

The First Documented Public Fountains of History
The water from creeks and other sources was originally supplied to the inhabitants of nearby towns and cities through water fountains, whose design was largely practical, not aesthetic. In the years before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, commonly using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the nearby hills. Typically used as memorials and commemorative structures, water... read more

The Earliest Recorded Outdoor Water Fountains of History
Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to bring water from rivers or creeks to cities and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, bathe, and cook with. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the conclusion of the nineteenth century, using the forceful power of water traveling downhill from a spring or creek to push the water through spigots or other outlets.... read more


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