California's Water Fountain Study and Results

The very first US city to pass a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The tax is believed to lessen sugary drink consumption and improve the consumption of healthier drinks, including water from fountains. Efforts were made to find out the condition of local drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. be-132_art1__13560.jpg By developing a mobile GPS application, researchers were able to get data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. Investigators then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial factors that impacted the city. Evaluations were made amongst the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected availability to clean, functional water fountains. The research was able to establish the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the state of the fountains was greater or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The tidiness of lots of fountains was found inadequate, even if most were working.

Agrippa’s Splendid Water-lifting Machine

Although the machine created by Agrippa for raising water earned the respect of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to fade away not long thereafter. Just years later, in 1592, the earliest modern Roman conduit, the Acqua Felice, was attached to the Medici’s villa, possibly making the unit outmoded. This becomes all the more heartbreaking bearing in mind how spectacular Camillo Agrippa’s device was, completely distinctive in Italy during the hundreds of years which transpired between the decline of ancient Rome and the current era. Renaissance landscapes of the later part of the 16th century were home to works such as music water features, scenographic water presentations and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these were not filled with water in ways which went against the force of gravity itself.

The Positive Benefits of Adding a Water Feature in Your Living Space

The area outside your residence can be polished up by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Historical fountains and water features have stirred the interest of modern-day designers as well as fountain designers. As such, the impact of adding one of these to your home decor bridges it to past times. In addition to the positive attributes of garden fountains, they also produce water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, attracting birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be helpful because they fend off bothersome flying insects.

Wall fountains are a good option if your yard is small because they do not require much space as compared to a spouting or cascading fountain. There are two types of fountains to choose from including the freestanding model with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained version which is hung directly on a wall. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are necessary if you wish to add a fountain. It is best not to attempt this job on your own as professional plumbers and masons are more suitable to do this kind of work.

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Fountains

There are many renowned fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, conceived and built nearly all of them. His skills as a fountain creator and also as a city designer, are obvious throughout the roads of Rome. Ultimately travelling to Rome to totally show their art, chiefly in the form of public water features, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. The young Bernini was an exemplary employee and won encouragement and patronage of significant painters as well as popes. He was initially recognized for his sculpture. An authority in classic Greek architecture, he used this knowledge as a starting point and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most remarkably in the Vatican. Although many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.

Creators of the First Fountains

Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a imaginative genius, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an inventor and scientific specialist. The forces of nature guided him to investigate the qualities and motion of water, and due to his fascination, he methodically recorded his ideas in his now renowned notebooks. Remodeling private villa settings into ingenious water showcases packed of symbolic significance and natural beauty, early Italian water feature designers fused resourcefulness with hydraulic and gardening knowledge. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, provided the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. For the assorted lands close to Florence, other water feature developers were well versed in humanist subjects as well as classical scientific texts, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water antics.

The Father Of Roman Garden Fountain Design And Style
There are countless celebrated fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceptualized and constructed nearly all of them. Also a city builder, he had capabilities as a water fountain designer, and remnants of his life's work are noticeable throughout the streets of Rome. ... read more

Bernini's Water Features
There are countless famous water features in Rome’s city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, conceptualized and produced virtually all of them. He was also a urban designer, in addition to his expertise as a water feature designer, and records... read more

The Very First Water Garden Fountains of History
Towns and communities relied on functional water fountains to conduct water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like ponds, streams, or creeks. In the years before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity alone, usually using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the surrounding hills. Striking and spectacular, big water fountains have been constructed as monuments in many... read more

The First Outdoor Fountains of Human History
Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to bring water from canals or springs to towns and hamlets, supplying the residents with fresh water to drink, bathe, and cook with. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, demanded the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or... read more


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