California's Water Fountain Analysis and Results

The 1st US city to pass a tax on sugary drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. fcl124__80023.jpg The aim is to get everyone drinking more water and other natural beverages by raising the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was executed to find out the reputation of local drinking water fountains and whether individuals from other racial or financial backgrounds had reduced availability to them. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were assembled using a GPS created exclusively for the research. Researchers then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial elements that affected the city. The two data sets were reviewed to identify what class distinctions, if any, there were in access to functioning water fountains. The testing was able to establish the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the condition of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were working was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, given that quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

Fountain Builders Through History

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as an creative genius, inventor and scientific master. He methodically reported his examinations in his now much celebrated notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and mobility of water. Combining imaginativeness with hydraulic and gardening abilities, early Italian water feature developers transformed private villa settings into amazing water displays filled with emblematic meaning and natural elegance. The humanist Pirro Ligorio supplied the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was distinguished for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. For the various properties near Florence, other water feature builders were well versed in humanistic subject areas as well as ancient scientific texts, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water highlights and water humor.

The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving Alternative

Unfortunately, Agrippa’s wonderful plan for lifting water wasn’t mentioned a lot after 1588, when Andrea Bacci acknowledged it openly. It could be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s earliest modern aqueducts made the unit useless when it was connected to the Villa Medici in 1592. Its usage may have been brief but Camillo Agrippa’s invention maintained a large place in history as the most amazing water-lifting device of its type in Italy prior to the contemporary era. It could defy gravitation to lift water to Renaissance gardens, nourishing them in a way other late sixteenth century designs which include scenographic water exhibits, musical fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

The Godfather Of Rome's Fountains

There are countless celebrated Roman fountains in its city center. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were designed, conceived and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.

Traces of his life's work are evident all through the avenues of Rome simply because, in addition to his capabilities as a fountain creator, he was also a city architect. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they eventually moved in Rome, to fully show their art in the form of community water features and water fountains. An excellent employee, the young Bernini received praise and the backing of many popes and influential artists. His sculpture was originally his claim to celebrity. He used his ability and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was affected by many great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

The First Documented Outdoor Water Features of the Historical Past

Villages and villages relied on functional water fountains to conduct water for preparing food, bathing, and cleaning from nearby sources like lakes, streams, or springs. In the days before electric power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity alone, commonly using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the surrounding hills. Fountains all through history have been created as monuments, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. Simple in design, the very first water fountains didn't look much like contemporary fountains. The 1st known water fountain was a rock basin carved that was used as a container for drinking water and ceremonial purposes.

Pure stone basins as fountains have been recovered from 2000 BC. Gravity was the power source that operated the initial water fountains. The location of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, canals, or rivers. Wildlife, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the initial decorative Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 B.C.. Water for the public fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a elaborate system of water aqueducts.

Builders of the First Garden Fountains
Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people, Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a innovative genius, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an inventor and scientific guru. He systematically registered his observations in his now... read more

Ancient Outside Water Fountain Designers
Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as an innovative genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso. The forces of nature led him to investigate the qualities and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he... read more

The First Documented Outdoor Water Fountains of History
As initially developed, water fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of towns and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. To make water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, demanded gravity and a water... read more

The Very First Outdoor Water Features of the Historical Past
The water from creeks and other sources was originally supplied to the residents of nearby towns and municipalities via water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not aesthetic. To generate water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and create a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a... read more


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