California's Outdoor Garden Fountain Research and Results

The first example of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire a lot more people to select healthier choices, such as water. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. By creating a mobile GPS application, researchers were able to gather data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. 50721md__36443.jpg Investigators then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial elements that affected the city. By cross-referencing the water fountain locations with the demographic information, they were able to determine whether access to functioning fountains was class reliant. The evaluation was able to pinpoint the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the condition of the fountains was better or worse in lower class neighborhoods. While the bulk of the fountains were in working order, an appalling quantity were revealed to be in a poor state of repairs.

Agrippa's Amazing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Mechanism

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting discovery lured the notice and praise of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the final references of the technology. Merely years afterward, in 1592, the earliest modern Roman conduit, the Acqua Felice, was linked to the Medici’s villa, probably making the unit outdated. Though it’s more probable that it was simply tossed when Ferdinando renounced his cardinalship and went back to Florence, securing his place as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, just after the loss of his brother, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. It might go against gravity to lift water to Renaissance landscapes, feeding them in a way other late sixteenth century models which include scenographic water exhibits, music fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Ancient Water Fountain Artists

Fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci as a creative intellect, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance creator. With his astounding fascination regarding the forces of nature, he researched the characteristics and mobility of water and methodically annotated his examinations in his now celebrated notebooks. Brilliant water displays packed with symbolic significance and natural grace converted private villa settings when early Italian water feature designers combined resourcefulness with hydraulic and landscaping expertise. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, architecture and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, provided the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Well versed in humanist topics as well as ancient technical texts, some other water feature makers were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water functions and water antics for the numerous estates around Florence.

The Myriad Reasons to Add a Water Feature

The addition of a wall water feature or an outdoor garden fountain is an excellent way to embellish your yard or garden design.

Modern-day artists and fountain builders alike use historic fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, introducing one of these to your home design is a great way to connect it to the past. In addition to the wonderful characteristics of garden fountains, they also produce water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, attracting birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. For example, irritating flying insects are usually discouraged by the birds drawn to the fountain or birdbath.

The space necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an connected basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. Make certain to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the base if you wish to add a fountain to your living area. Be sure to work with a specialist for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work involved.

Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Features

There are countless renowned water fountains in Rome’s city center. Practically all of them were designed, architected and built by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city architect, he had skills as a water fountain developer, and traces of his life's work are obvious throughout the avenues of Rome. Eventually moving to Rome to fully show their artwork, chiefly in the form of public water features, Bernini’s father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. The young Bernini earned compliments from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an excellent worker. At first he was celebrated for his sculpting skills. He used his ability and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Although many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo influenced him the most.

Creators of the First Water Features
Fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci as a imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance master. With his astounding fascination concerning the forces of nature, he... read more

Water Fountain Designers Through History
Commonly serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a innovative genius, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an innovator and scientific guru. He... read more

Agrippa’s Marvelous Water-lifting Gadget
Though the machine developed by Agrippa for moving water earned the esteem of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to disappear not long after. It could be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s early modern conduits made the system obsolete when it was connected to the Villa Medici in 1592. The easier... read more


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