California's Outdoor Fountains Research and Results

or-157_art__07614.jpg In February 2014, a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to submit such a regulation. The tax is supposed to minimize sugary drink consumption and boost the consumption of healthier beverages, including water from fountains. First, the city conducted research to evaluate whether citizens had proper access to working drinking water fountains. Via data collected by a mobile GPS app, researchers were able to determine the condition of existing water fountains in Berkley. Demographic data on race and income was then assembled using the US Census database. Evaluations were made amongst the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected access to clean, functional water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its neighboring area were studied to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their level of maintenance demonstrated any correlation to income, race, or other points. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, since quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

The Many Reasons to Include a Wall Fountain

You can perfect your exterior space by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your yard or gardening project.

Many modern designers and artisans have been inspired by historical fountains and water features. Therefore, in order to connect your home to previous times, add one these in your decor. The benefit of having a garden fountain extends beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it emits into the atmosphere. For instance, pesky flying insects are usually deterred by the birds drawn to the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good choice if your yard is small because they do not require much space as compared to a spouting or cascading fountain. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin placed against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted kind which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the possibilities from which you can choose. A water feature can be added to an existing wall if you include some sort of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water at the bottom. Be sure to work with a professional for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work needed.

Agrippa's Astonishing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Device

The compliments Agrippa’s water-lifting invention received by Andrea Bacci in 1588 was short-lived. Just years later, in 1592, the early modern Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was linked to the Medici’s villa, probably making the technology obsolete. Although its glory was passing, Camillo Agrippa’s design for raising water was the wonder of its day, transcending everything built in Italy since the days of classic Rome. There may have been different remarkable water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the later part of the sixteenth century, like water fountains that played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water exhibits, but none of them was operated by water that defied gravity.

The Earliest Outdoor Garden Fountains

Water fountains were initially practical in function, used to deliver water from canals or springs to cities and hamlets, providing the residents with fresh water to drink, wash, and cook with. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the later half of the nineteenth century. Fountains all through history have been created as monuments, impressing local citizens and tourists alike. If you saw the first fountains, you would not identify them as fountains. Uncomplicated stone basins created from nearby material were the very first fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. Rock basins as fountains have been uncovered from 2,000 B.C.. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to manipulate the circulation of water through the fountain. These original water fountains were created to be functional, frequently situated along aqueducts, streams and rivers to furnish drinking water. Fountains with flowery decoration started to show up in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., normally gods and creatures, made with stone or bronze.

Water for the communal fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.

Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineers Through History

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Leonardo da Vinci as a inspired intellect, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance artist. With his immense curiosity about the forces of nature, he explored the properties and movement of water and also systematically recorded his examinations in his now recognized notebooks. Early Italian water feature designers changed private villa configurations into amazing water displays complete of emblematic meaning and natural beauty by coupling imagination with hydraulic and horticultural talent. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, architecture and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic subject areas and ancient technical texts, other fountain designers were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water features and water pranks for the countless lands near Florence.

A Brief History of the Early Fountains
Towns and villages depended on practical water fountains to channel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or springs. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the close of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or creek to push the water through spigots or other outlets. Frequently used as memorials and commemorative... read more

The Very First Fountains of History
The water from springs and other sources was initially delivered to the inhabitants of nearby towns and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose design was primarily practical, not artistic. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity exclusively, often using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the surrounding mountains. ... read more


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