California's Garden Water Fountains Research and Results

Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. The tax is intended to minimize sugary drink intake and increase the consumption of healthier drinks, like water from fountains. or-144__74940.jpg Attempts were made to find out the condition of local drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. By creating a mobile GPS application, analysts were able to amass data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. This information was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. Evaluations were made between the location and demographic data, disclosing whether class differences affected availability to clean, working water fountains. They were able to uncover the demographics of areas surrounding active fountains, as well as the tidiness and upkeep of fountains across assorted neighborhoods. Many of the water fountains were filthy or slow or stopped up, in spite of the fact that a lot of fountains worked.

The Original Garden Fountain Artists

Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative intellect, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance creator. With his tremendous fascination about the forces of nature, he researched the attributes and motion of water and also systematically documented his examinations in his now famed notebooks.

Combining imagination with hydraulic and horticultural expertise, early Italian water fountain developers changed private villa settings into amazing water exhibits filled of emblematic meaning and natural wonder. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, provided the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the various properties near Florence, some other water fountain builders were well versed in humanistic themes as well as classical technical texts.

The Many Good Reasons to Add a Fountain

The inclusion of a wall fountain or an outdoor garden fountain is an excellent way to adorn your yard or garden design. Contemporary designers and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, integrating one of these to your interior is a great way to connect it to the past. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the environment draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which add to the advantages of having one of these beautiful water features. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be helpful because they fend off bothersome flying insects.

The area necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is considerable, so a wall fountain is the perfect size for a small yard. There are two types of fountains to pick from including the freestanding model with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained version which is suspended directly on a wall. A fountain can be added to an existing wall if you include some type of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water at the bottom. Be sure to employ a professional for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work required.

The Original Public Garden Fountains

Villages and villages depended on practical water fountains to conduct water for cooking, washing, and cleaning from nearby sources like lakes, channels, or springs. To make water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, demanded the force of gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, located higher than the fountain. Striking and impressive, large water fountains have been constructed as memorials in most cultures. If you saw the earliest fountains, you would not recognize them as fountains. Designed for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the first fountains were simple carved stone basins. The oldest stone basins are believed to be from about 2000 B.C.. The first civilizations that made use of fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. The placement of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along reservoirs, canals, or streams. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological monsters, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from natural stone and bronze. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

Agrippa’s Magnificent Water-lifting Gadget

Though the device developed by Agrippa for moving water earned the respect of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to disappear not long after. It could perhaps be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest conduit, the Acqua Felice, started providing the Villa Medici, there was simply no longer very much usage for the device. In truth it was probably merely forgotten when Ferdinando went to Florence in 1588 after the death of his sibling, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his cardinalship to safeguard his position as the next Grand Duke of Tuscany. While there were various other important water-driven designs either projected or built during the late sixteenth century, including scenographic water features, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and melodious fountains, not one were nourished by water like Agrippa’s device.

The Original Garden Fountain Designers
Frequently working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as an inspired genius, inventor and scientific expert. He carefully documented his observations in his now... read more

"Old School" Fountain Manufacturers
Commonly working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century. Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a creative genius, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an inventor and scientific expert. With his immense fascination regarding the forces of nature, he investigated the characteristics... read more

The First Outdoor Public Fountains
Towns and communities depended on practical water fountains to conduct water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like lakes, channels, or springs. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the late... read more


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