A Concise History of Early Water Features

b-033__22864.jpg The water from springs and other sources was originally supplied to the citizens of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose purpose was primarily practical, not artistic. In the years before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, usually using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the surrounding hills. The splendor and spectacle of fountains make them perfect for traditional monuments. Simple in design, the first water fountains didn't appear much like modern-day fountains. The first accepted water fountain was a stone basin created that was used as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial functions. 2000 B.C. is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were actually used. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to control the flow of water through the fountain. These ancient fountains were built to be functional, frequently situated along reservoirs, creeks and rivers to supply drinking water. Beasts, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the early decorative Roman fountains, beginning to show up in about 6 BC. A well-engineered collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

Agrippa's Eye-popping, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting System

Unfortunately, Agrippa’s wonderful design for raising water wasn’t referred to much after 1588, when Andrea Bacci praised it widely. It may possibly have come to be obsolete when the Villa Medici was set to receive water from the Acqua Felice, the early contemporary aqueduct, in 1592.

The easier account is that it was disregarded about when Ferdinando left for Florence in 1588, after the expiry of his brother Francesco di Medici, to change his place as cardinal for one as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. #P# It could defy gravitation to lift water to Renaissance landscapes, feeding them in a way other late 16th century models like scenographic water presentations, musical fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains

There are numerous renowned water features in the city center of Rome. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, conceptualized and produced nearly all of them. Also a city builder, he had skills as a water fountain designer, and marks of his life's work are obvious throughout the roads of Rome. A famous Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father mentored his young son, and they eventually went to Rome to totally exhibit their art, chiefly in the form of community water fountains and water features. The juvenile Bernini was an great employee and earned encouragement and patronage of important painters as well as popes. His sculpture was originally his claim to fame. He made use of his expertise and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was influenced by many great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

Public Water Fountains in and Around Berkley, California

The first US city to implement a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. By making soda more expensive, it’s thought that individuals will make better choices for what their children drink, like water as an example. Attempts were made to find out the condition of community drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. By creating a mobile GPS application, analysts were able to get data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. Demographic data on race and income was then assembled using the US Census database. Evaluations were made amongst the location and demographic data, disclosing whether class differences affected access to clean, working water fountains. The neighboring demographics of each water fountain location was made note of, while also identifying whether race or income levels made a difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. Some of the water fountains were unclean or clogged, regardless of the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

Ancient Outdoor Water Feature Designers

Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person.

Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as an ingenious intellect, inventor and scientific master. He systematically documented his observations in his now much celebrated notebooks about his investigations into the forces of nature and the qualities and motion of water. Coupling inventiveness with hydraulic and landscaping expertise, early Italian water feature designers changed private villa settings into brilliant water displays filled of symbolic implications and natural charm. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water antics for the various properties in the vicinity of Florence, other water fountain engineers were well versed in humanistic themes and ancient scientific texts.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Features
In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized fountains. Pretty much all of them were designed, conceived and built by one of the finest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city builder, he had abilities as a fountain developer, and records of his life's work are apparent throughout the avenues of Rome.... read more

A Brief History of the First Outdoor Garden Fountains
Towns and communities relied on working water fountains to channel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning from local sources like ponds, channels, or creeks. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, demanded the force of gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, positioned higher than the fountain. Fountains all through history have been created... read more

A Concise History of the First Outdoor Garden Fountains
As initially conceived, fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the residents of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's... read more

A Short History of the First Outdoor Garden Fountains
As originally conceived, water fountains were designed to be functional, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the inhabitants of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, washing, and drinking. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water supply located far... read more

A Concise History of the Early Public Garden Fountains
As originally conceived, fountains were crafted to be functional, guiding water from streams or reservoirs to the residents of cities and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, washing, and drinking. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the nearby mountains. Typically used as memorials and... read more


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