A Brief History of the First Public Fountains

Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to convey water from canals or springs to cities and villages, providing the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the end of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or brook to squeeze the water through valves or other outlets. be-116__79905.jpg Fountains throughout history have been crafted as monuments, impressing hometown citizens and visitors alike. The contemporary fountains of today bear little resemblance to the very first water fountains. Basic stone basins created from local material were the original fountains, used for religious functions and drinking water. Stone basins are thought to have been first utilized around 2000 BC. The jet of water appearing from small jets was forced by gravity, the lone power source builders had in those days. The placement of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along reservoirs, canals, or streams. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from natural stone and bronze. A well-engineered system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Outdoor Fountain Designers Through History

Water fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a creative master, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an innovator and scientific expert. He carefully reported his findings in his now famed notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the properties and motion of water. Early Italian water fountain builders converted private villa settings into innovative water exhibits full of symbolic meaning and natural charm by coupling creativity with hydraulic and gardening talent. The splendors in Tivoli were created by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was widely known for his skill in archeology, engineering and garden design. Well versed in humanist topics and established technical texts, some other water fountain makers were masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water functions and water jokes for the countless mansions around Florence.

Agrippa’s Splendid Water-lifting Machine

The admiration Agrippa’s water-lifting innovation earned by Andrea Bacci in 1588 was temporary. Merely years later, in 1592, the earliest contemporary Roman aqueduct, the Acqua Felice, was connected to the Medici’s villa, probably making the product outmoded. The more likely explanation is that the unit was discontinued once Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s brotherexpired in 1588, leading him to give up his position as cardinal and return to Florence where he obtained the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. There might have been other significant water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the later part of the sixteenth century, like fountains which played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water presentations, but none of them were motorized by water that defied the force of gravity.

California's Garden Water Fountains Research and Results

The first implementation of a sugary drinks tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. The goal is to have individuals drinking more water and other natural drinks by increasing the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. By developing a mobile GPS application, researchers were able to get data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. Demographic data on race and income was then gathered using the US Census database. The 2 data sets were reviewed to ascertain what class differences, if any, there were in access to functioning water fountains. They were in a position to uncover the demographics of regions surrounding established fountains, as well as the cleanliness and maintenance of fountains across assorted neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, considering quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

The Godfather Of Rome's Fountains

There are countless famous water features in the city center of Rome. One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, created and built nearly all of them. Also a city architect, he had skills as a water feature designer, and records of his life's work are evident throughout the roads of Rome.

Bernini's father, a recognized Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they finally settled in Rome, to thoroughly show their artwork in the form of public water features and water fountains. The young Bernini was an exceptional employee and received compliments and backing of significant painters as well as popes. His sculpture was initially his claim to fame. Working faultlessly with Roman marble, he made use of a base of experience in the classic Greek architecture, most famously in the Vatican. Although many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

The Father Of Roman Water Feature Design And Style
There are many celebrated Roman water fountains in its city center. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were designed, conceived and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city architect, he had capabilities as a water feature designer, and marks of his life's work are obvious throughout the streets of Rome. ... read more

Free Drinking Fountains Around Berkley, Ca
The 1st American city to pass a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The taxation is intended to lessen sugary drink consumption and boost the consumption of healthier beverages, such as water from fountains. Research was conducted to find out the reputation of local drinking water fountains and whether people from... read more

Garden Fountains And Their Role in Public Health
The first example of a sugary drinks tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire a lot more people to choose healthier choices, such as water. First, the city conducted an analysis to assess whether citizens had proper access to working... read more

A Short History of the Early Fountains
As originally developed, fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the residents of cities and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. The force of gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the end of the nineteenth... read more

The First Outdoor Fountains
The water from springs and other sources was initially supplied to the inhabitants of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose design was largely practical, not artistic. To make water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, demanded gravity and a water source... read more

The Earliest Recorded Garden Fountains of History
As originally developed, water fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the citizens of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a system... read more


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