A Brief History of the First Outdoor Fountains

or_132_artshot__52796.jpg Towns and communities relied on practical water fountains to conduct water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or springs. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the nearby mountains. Inspirational and impressive, prominent water fountains have been designed as memorials in nearly all societies. Rough in design, the very first water fountains did not appear much like modern-day fountains. Created for drinking water and ceremonial purposes, the initial fountains were very simple carved stone basins. 2,000 B.C. is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were actually used. The earliest civilizations that used fountains relied on gravity to force water through spigots. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public monuments, as attractive as they are practical. Wildlife, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the early decorative Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 B.C.. Water for the community fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.

Agrippa's Amazing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Technology

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting discovery captivated the interest and approval of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the last mentions of the technology. It may be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s initial modern conduits made the unit outdated when it was connected to the Villa Medici in 1592. The more probable reason is that the device was abandoned when Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s brotherexpired in 1588, leading him to give up his job as cardinal and return to Florence where he obtained the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Renaissance gardens of the later part of the 16th century happened to be home to works including melodious water features, scenographic water exhibits and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these were not brimming with water in ways which defied gravity itself.

Garden Fountain Designers Through History

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals, During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the creator as a creative genius, creator and scientific virtuoso. With his immense fascination regarding the forces of nature, he investigated the qualities and movement of water and also systematically documented his observations in his now celebrated notebooks.

Ingenious water exhibits loaded of symbolic significance and natural wonder converted private villa settings when early Italian water fountain creators combined resourcefulness with hydraulic and landscaping abilities. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. For the assorted lands close to Florence, other water feature builders were well versed in humanist subjects and ancient scientific texts, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water jokes.

The Godfather Of Rome's Garden Fountains

There are countless popular water features in the city center of Rome. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceptualized and built almost all of them. He was furthermore a city designer, in addition to his expertise as a water feature developer, and remnants of his life's work are evident throughout the streets of Rome. A renowned Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father guided his young son, and they ultimately went to Rome to thoroughly express their artwork, chiefly in the form of community water features and water features. An exceptional workman, Bernin earned encouragement and the patronage of popes and well known artists. At the beginning he was recognized for his sculptural expertise. He made use of his ability and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Although a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo affected him the most.

California's Outdoor Garden Fountain Analysis and Results

The first implementation of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. By making soda more expensive, it’s assumed that parents will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water for instance. Research was executed to find out the status of local drinking water fountains and whether people from different racial or financial backgrounds had less availability to them. Information on the city’s drinking water fountains were developed using a GPS created specifically for the research. This info was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income collected from the US Census Community Study database. By cross-referencing the water fountain sites with the demographic facts, they were in a position to ascertain whether access to working fountains was class reliant. The testing was able to determine the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the shape of the fountains was better or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, since quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

California's Water Fountain Analysis and Results
The 1st US city to pass a tax on sugary drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The aim is to get everyone drinking more water and other natural beverages by raising the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was executed to find out the reputation of local drinking water fountains and whether individuals from other racial or financial backgrounds had reduced availability to them. ... read more

Agrippa’s Magnificent Water-lifting Gadget
The admiration Agrippa’s water-lifting innovation was given by Andrea Bacci in 1588 was short-lived. Merely years later, in 1592, the early contemporary Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was hooked up to the Medici’s villa, perhaps making the technology outdated. The more probable explanation is that the system was abandoned when Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s brotherdied in 1588, leading him to give up his role as... read more

The First Outdoor Fountains of Human History
Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to bring water from canals or springs to towns and hamlets, supplying the residents with fresh water to drink, bathe, and cook with. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, demanded the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or reservoir, situated higher than the fountain. Striking... read more

The Very First Water Features of the Historical Past
The water from rivers and other sources was originally delivered to the residents of nearby communities and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not artistic. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the nearby mountains. The splendor and wonder of fountains make... read more


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